Established in the 13th century, Toruń is the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus. Although it may not be obvious from this photograph of a dark morning hanging over the market square, Toruń is also famous for its gingerbread (or “pierniki” in Polish), which bakers began to produce in the 1300s. Due to a vague agreement to swap recipes in return for new ones, Toruń instigated a competition with the German city, Nuremberg. As each city rose to individual fame, the secrets of their recipes became more guarded. Knockoffs were created and sold all over Poland. However, to this day, one needs only to try the gingerbread to recognise its authenticity. If you’re lucky, you can even try your hand at making your own plate of gingerbread biscuits!